Artículos académicos Knowledge transfer in Peru microentrepreneurs. The effects on personal and business improvement

Knowledge transfer in Peru microentrepreneurs. The effects on personal and business improvement

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Año de publicación


Palabras clave

Knowledge transfer, microentrepeneurs, Performance, Personal improvement, Business improvement

Título en español

Transferencia de conocimiento en microempresarios del Perú. Los efectos en la mejora personal y empresarial


This study aims to analyze the effects of microentrepreneurs’ knowledge transfer (KT) on personal improvement (PI) and business improvement (BI).


The study was developed in two stages: a literature review based on KT and the learning process in microenterprises to have managerial competence and PI and BI to acquire the managerial competence that entrepreneurs need. The second stage was constructing a structural model based on 107 questionnaires and bootstrapping of 5,000 replications of microentrepreneurs who went through a training program (quantitative) and a focus group (qualitative). This study had a mixed approach, exploratory scope and experimental design.


The research showed real evidence about the performance level of microentrepreneurs when they passed through the process of KT and its impact on PI and BI. This research considers their managerial competencies, and the findings show a relationship between the theory of individual and organizational learning.

Research limitations/implications

This study considered Peruvian microentrepreneurs who participated in a virtual training program that included several courses related to their current environments and topics of interest. The analyzed period covered the years affected by COVID-19.

Practical implications

The model reveals that KT is relevant to PI and BI. Performance was measured regarding growth, income, innovation, productivity and responsibility before and after the program.

Social implications

This research analyzed the need for training microentrepreneurs for personal and private reasons under a COVID-19 scenario to foster their businesses and assume financial responsibilities. This study considered Peru’s reality, a country in which 94.9% of companies are microenterprises. The study revealed that microentrepreneurs improved their personal and professional lives and addressed relevant social problems that affect their environments because of the KT effects.


This study bridges the gap in the literature on how the theory of KT can be applied to entrepreneurs. This study revealed significant findings in terms of PI and BIs. The impact of KT indicates the relevance of managerial competencies related to the performance level obtained in terms of growth, income, innovation, productivity and responsibility.


Ramirez Lozano, J.P., Rojas Valdez, K. and Sosa Varela, J.C. (2023), “Knowledge transfer in Peru microentrepreneurs. The effects on personal and business improvement”, Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

Julianna Paola Ramírez Lozano


Autoría: Beatrice Elcira Avolio Alecchi, Luis Alfonso Del Carpio Castro